What is Web Development? | types of web developers | skills for web developer

Web development is among the most in-demand technologies in today's market.

Who exactly is a web developer?

In general, professionals who create websites and web applications are known as web developers. These professionals make use of various methodologies to create professional websites. The applications that we created earlier followed the traditional web application model

Today where applications are mostly single-page applications that are compatible both with desktops and mobile.  

So, there are three types of Web developers

1. Frontend Developer

2. Backend Developer

3. Full-stack Developer

Who is a front-end developer?

A front-end developer is someone who implements web design through programming languages like HTML, CSS, and javascript. Front-end developers work with the design and the outlook of the website. 

If you head to any site, you can see the work of a front-end developer in the navigationlayout, and also the way a site looks different from your phone.

Who is Backend Developer?

Backend Developers are responsible to work on what goes behind the scenes, like databases. They create, write the code, and improve the server, server-side applications, and databases. 

Backend  Developers study industry trends, create or improve backend processes and codes and work with others to design a better program.

Who is a Fullstack Developer?

A Fullstack Developer is someone who has a good understanding of how the web books at each and every level, including setting up and configuring Linux or Windows servers, coding server-side APIs, running the client-side of the application using javascript, operating and quarrying the databases, and structuring and designing the web page with CSS and Javascript.

Now that you have a brief idea of who exactly is a web developer.

Skills that are required to become a web developer

Front-end Developer skills

1. HTML and CSS

HTML stands for hypertext markup language and it is the most basic building block/required for developing websites. CSS or cascading style sheets is the language that is used for presenting the document you/create with Html.

Html is used for creating the foundation of your page, whereas CSS is used to create the layout of the page, color fonts, and styles. Both of these languages are absolutely essential to become a front-end developer. Javascript, along with JQuery.

2. Javascript

If you are trying to implement interactive features in your websites such as audio and videogames, scrawling abilities, page animations, etc. Javascript is the tool you need to know.

JQuery is a library of javascript which is among the most used libraries across the world. It basically is a collection of plug-ins and extensions that make it faster and easier to use. Javascript on your website. J query takes common tasks that require multiple lines of javascript code and compresses them into a format that can be executed with a single line.

3. Frameworks / Libraries 

As for front-end developers, you must have some knowledge of frameworks and libraries such as angular, react, Vue, etc. These are basically frameworks and libraries that are based on javascript. Javascript frameworks are collections of CSS or Javascript files that perform different tasks by providing common functionality.

Instead of starting with an empty text document, you can start with a code file that has lots of javascript present already in it. 

We use different gadgets like computers, phones, and tablets to look at their pages. The web pages adjust themselves to the device you're using without any extra effort from your end. This is due to the responsive design feature. It is an intrinsic part of CSS frameworks like bootstrap.

4. Version control or Gi

Version control is the process of tracking and controlling changes to your source code. It is a tool that you can use to track the changes made previously so that you can go back to a previous version of your work, and find out what went wrong without tearing the whole thing down.

5. Testing and debugging

A front-end developer must possess the skill and ability to test and debug the code. There are different testing methods for web development functional testing looks at a particular piece of functionality on your site and ensures it does everything according to the code.

Unit testing is another method that tests the smallest bit of good and examines it individually for correct operation. Testing is a big part of the front and development process and several frameworks will help you in this regard.

6. Browser Developer tools

Browser developer tools usually consist of an inspector and a javascript console. The inspector allows you to see what the runtime HTML on your page looks like, what CSS is associated with each element on the page, and also allows you to edit your HTML and CSS and see the changes live as they happen.

7. Web Performance

It is important to make sure that your website performs smoothly without any glitches. Web performance defines the amount of time it takes for your website to load. 

Programs like grunt and gulp can be used to automate image optimization, CSS and Js minifying, and other web performance scores. It helps in making your website more efficient.

8. CSS processing 

CSS processor is an advanced version of CSS. This is used to enhance the primary class of CSS to create better versions of the professional website. It is not just a language to improve the styling elements, but it helps the developer to skip tasks like writing CSS selectors and color strings frequently.

9. Command Line 

Goi is an important part of web development and coding as well, but in all-purpose Goi is going to have its limitations for some specific applications.

Sometimes you may need to open a terminal on your computer where you can enter typed commands or command lines to get what you need. Although the majority of the work is done through a Goi, you can add serious cred to your front and skills if you have mastery of the command line.

So these were some of the technical skills that are required by front and developers.

Backend Developers Skills

1. Programming Languages 

The back-end developer layer forms a dynamic connection between the front end and the database to get the slayer working. It's important to know at least one of the programming languages like python, java, PHP, Ruby, etc. And the knowledge of server-side frameworks such as Node Js is a must.

A python is an open-source object-oriented programming language that was released in 1991. And ever since, it has become one of the most favorite languages of software developers and web developers.

Java is also an open-source, high-level programming language, which was released by Sun Microsystems in 1996. It follows the right ones run anywhere approach that makes it compatible to run on any platform. 

Another popular web development language is PHP. It is an open-source side scripting language used to develop the back-end logic of an application. It is a powerful tool for making dynamic and interactive websites. 

Node js is an open-source javascript framework used specifically for creating the back end or the server-side of an application. Through Node Js, Javascript can now finally run on the server-side of the web as well.

2. Data and database 

The data layer is a massive warehouse of information. It contains a database repository that captures and stores information from the front end through the back end. A prerequisite is to have the knowledge of how data is stored, edited, retrieved, etc

An understanding of databases such as minuscule Mongo DB etcetera is a must. My SQL is basically an open-source relational database management system that provides multi-user access and supports multi-storage engines. 

Mongo DB is known for its ease of use and its quickness in handling a large amount of data. It is an open-source object-oriented no SQL database that is highly scalable and it's/efficient in handling structured data.

3. Server Setup

To make a website accessible publicly on the internet. It needs to be installed on a sober. Once you have your domain name and solar space, it's time to set up the site on the sober. The first thing is to direct the domain name to the so was the unique IP address. Then you need to set up the website, files, and finally, the database and other configurations.

4. Deployment Tools 

To get files from your own computer up to the server, you need a protocol. This is basically a method of transporting files or other data and to and from a server. 

The deployment tool stores your FTP or SFTP settings and when a change is published in getting to the master branch, the tool will transfer the files for you. Therefore there is no need to remember which file you changed, reducing the number of mistakes you make. 

5. Knowledge of javascript frameworks and libraries

Some of the most important Javascript frameworks and libraries are angular react, Vue, Jquery, etc

So those are the skills that are required to become a backend developer. 

Full-stack web Developer Skills

A full-stack web developer must know how to create and maintain the front end and the back end of a web application. And they also must be proficient with the various languages used to develop their application. 

1. Protocols

A full-stack developer needs to have an in-depth understanding of the web architecture and/communication protocols like HTTP TCP, IP, etc.

They should be skilled in working with deployment operating systems like Ubuntu, CentOS, Windows, etc. They also should have a sound knowledge of web servers and basic UI/ UX designing abilities.


A full-stack developer should be proficient in the front and technologies such as HTML, CSS, and Javascript. They should be able to design and develop you are using the Web development frameworks and libraries that I've already mentioned earlier.

3. Server-Side Technologies

Also, full-stack developers are required to have a good amount of knowledge of silver/side programming languages like Java, Python, PHP, Ruby, etc as well as server-side frameworks such as Node Js.

4. Databases

They should be well versed in operating and acquiring relational and no SQL. Database management systems such as MongoDB, my SQL, etc. 

5. Technology Stacks

Apart from that, a full stack developer also should know how to operate and manage the version control systems such as GIT, Subversion, etc.

So that sums up the technical skills that are required by all three. That is the front end, back end, and full-stack developers also, not to forget the knowledge of develops can give you an edge.

So What is DevOps?

Develops is basically a combination of two words that is development and operations. Develops as a practice that allows a single team to manage the entire application development life cycle that is development, testing, deployment, and monitoring. 

The ultimate goal of development is to decrease the duration of the systems development lifecycle while delivering features, fixes, and updates frequently in close synchronization with business objectives.

Also If You want to know more about What is DevOps then Make sure to check out my new post on

What is DevOps in 2021 | benefits of DevOps | importance of DevOps

  • FAQ for Web Development or Web Developers
Q1. What is web development used for?

Web development is the process of building websites and managing web servers to allow users to access web applications. 

Web development is a multidisciplinary field of study and practice and one that many students find interesting as there are many different ways you can gain an understanding of the subject and become a proficient web developer.

Q2. Types of web development?

There are three types of Web developers

1. Frontend Developer

2. Backend Developer

3. Full-stack Developer

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